Villas and monuments in Tivoli and Rome
Villas In Tivoli
The three Villas in Tivoli are considered the symbol of ancient Tibur. Villa Adriana and Villa D'Este are UNESCO World Heritage Sites; the Park of Villa Gregoriana is supervised by the FAI (Fondo Ambiente Italiano).
Not to be missed: the water play of Villa D'Este; the stateliness of Villa Adriana, the ancient residence of Emperor Hadrian, with its precious floors and decorations; the magnificent naturalistic park of Villa Gregoriana characterized by forests, caves, hiking trails and a gorgeous waterfall.
Villa d'Este is the symbol of Italian Renaissance architecture, an amazing UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is considered to be the most beautiful Italian style garden of Europe.
Villa Adriana (Hadrian's Villa), one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, is the archaeological symbol of Tivoli; the ancient residence of Emperor Hadrian, it still witnesses the magnificence of the ancient Roman Empire.
Villa Gregoriana is the landscaping postcard of Tivoli, a peaceful green park supervised by the FAI (Fondo Ambiente Italiano) and characterized by forests, caves, hiking trails and a gorgeous waterfall.
Archaeological heritage of Tivoli
Ancient Tivoli was founded by the Greeks with a colony in 1215 B.C. The urban planning of Tivoli was influenced by the presence of sources of sulfurous water and by the Roman Empire. The archaeological heritage still bears witness to the influence of the Roman Empire, with some perfectly preserved sites.
Anio Vetus and Marcia Aqueducts
The Anio Vetus Aqueduct was built between 272 and 279 BC by Marcius Curius Dentatus and Fulvius Flaccus. The aqueductus had a flow rate of about 180,000 cubic metres per day, along its 64-kilometer course.
Anio Novus Aqueduct
The Anio Novus Aqueduct was started by Emperor Caligula in 38 AD. Many ruins of this aqueduct can be seen along the Via Empolitana in Tivoli.
The ancient Roman Bleso Amphitheatre was built in the 2nd century AD and is located near Rocca Pia, not too far from Piazza Garibaldi.
Near the Duomo we can find the Mensa Ponderaria (1st Century BC), an ancient Roman site for traders' use (a bench for weights and measures).
Sanctuary of Hercules Victor
The Sanctuary of Hercules Victor was devoted to the protecting god of Tibur. It is considered one of the most beautiful places in Tivoli.
The Temple of the Sybil
The Temple of the Sibyl is located near the highest point of the acropolis of Tibur Superbum, today's Tivoli, and is considered one of the most important archaeological sites of the city.
The Temple of Vesta
The Temple of Vesta is a very important structure of the ancient acropolis of Tivoli. It is next to the Temple of the Sibyl and is probably dedicated to Vesta, the goddess of the hearth.
Mausoleum of Plauzi
The Mausoleum of Plauzi, together with the Lucano Bridge, formed the access to the ancient Tibur Superbum. It is one of the most important archaeological sites of Tivoli.
This route follows the path of water, the element of capital importance since the days of the ancient Romans. The magnificent Roman imperial baths were established here thanks to the presence of sulfurous water, and thanks to the emulsion gas created by the chemical process between carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide: the remarkable therapeutic properties were highly appreciated by the Romans.